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Denmark

Ukraine nationals in Ukraine

Situations where they can apply for visas in Ukraine

The Danish mission to Ukraine is not currently offering visa services in Ukraine. 

Any special considerations

Citizens with biometric passports are exempt from the visa requirement.

If they cannot apply for visas in Ukraine, alternative options

If you wish to apply for a visa, reference is made to a Danish mission in the region, e.g. in Romania. It is possible to apply for long term visas (residence and work permit) in Kyiv and Lviv subject to eligibility.

Non-Ukraine nationals in Ukraine

Situations where they can apply for visas in Ukraine

N/A

Any special considerations

Persons with refugee status in Ukraine will be covered by a new special law soon to be put in place by the Danish Parliament.

If they cannot apply for visas in Ukraine, alternative options

Non-Ukraine nationals may apply for visa/residence and/or work permit in their home country.

Ukraine nationals in Destination Country

Options

A majority in the Danish Parliament has reached an agreement that a new special law must soon be put in place to ensure Ukrainian citizens can quickly obtain a temporary residence permit and create a basis for a life in Denmark with school, education, and work.

Other considerations

Ukrainian nationals do not have to apply for asylum to obtain a residence permit under the new special law, which will cover Ukrainian citizens and persons with refugee status in Ukraine as well as accompanying core family and other family members supported in the same household.

As of March 16, 2022, Due to its EU opt-out on legal issues, Denmark is not bound by the recently activated EU Temporary Protection Directive. Instead, the Danish government has introduced a special law that strongly resembles the directive and will enter into force on 18 March 2022.

The law grants residence permits to the following groups:

  1. Ukrainian citizens living in Ukraine before and until 24 February 2022
  2. Refugees with a residence permit in Ukraine (not students or workers)
  3. Ukrainian citizens living in Denmark on 24 February
  4. Spouses/partners of the above
  5. Children of the above
  6. Close family members of the above who were part of the same household before and until 24 February
  7. Those who established a family life in joint residence with the above before and until 24 February

Those that fall into categories 1-3 must apply for residence from within Denmark. Those belonging to categories 4-7 can apply either from Denmark or from abroad.

The special law provides:

  • residence until 17 March 2024, with the possibility of a one-year extension only (in order to stay longer it would be necessary to apply for asylum, or for a residence permit on other grounds);
  • the right to work, school, vocational education and integrational education (IGU), and access to health services;
  • the right to social benefits;
  • access to the national integration programme (including free language and employment skills training);
  • temporary accommodation in a municipality, four days after obtaining a residence permit.

Applications for residence permits can be submitted online. No personal interviews will be held if the case can be documented in writing.

Compared with refugees from other countries, under this special law Ukrainians will benefit froma fast procedure and no personal assessments besides nationality. They are also protected from the possibility of having their permits revoked, as has recently happened to Syrian refugees in Denmark. On the other hand, other refugees can have their permits extended and do have free access to higher education.

NGOs such as Amnesty International, Action Aid Denmark and Refugees Welcome have criticised the special law for favoring Ukranian refugees over other refugees, who still have to wait years for their claims be processed and must pass through very restrictive assessment procedures. Further, integration expenses for Ukrainians will be covered by the state budget for development aid, which has been strongly criticized by 16 NGOs.

Before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 10 000 Ukrainians were living in Denmark. They were mainly there via work permits and employed in unskilled, low-paid jobs such as farming. Danish union 3F has been warning that newly arrived Ukrainians must have any subsequent employment secured by fair contracts and labor market agreements. Further details can be found here.

The Danish government has expedited work authorization for Ukrainian nationals who have submitted residence applications under the Special Act.

Key Points:

  • As of April 22, Ukrainian nationals who have submitted an application for a residence permit under the Special Act can receive work authorization if they receive a job offer before their application is adjudicated.
  • To be eligible for the work authorization, Ukrainian nationals must have had their fingerprints and personal photographs taken for their residence permit application and have received a valid job offer.

Additional Information: Before this change, Ukrainian nationals were only been able to work after receiving their residence permit. The Special Act was implemented on March 16 and provides temporary residence permits for displaced people from Ukraine. More information regarding how to apply for a residence permit under the Special Act is available here.

BAL Analysis: The Danish government has made it easier for Ukrainian nationals to legally work in Denmark to help those affected by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and support Danish businesses in need of skilled workers. Employers and employees are reminded that actions taken as a result of the invasion of Ukraine may change with little or no notice.

Links to latest Government information

https://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/Words-and-concepts/F%C3%A6lles/Information-to-Ukrainian-citizens

Information to and about refugees from the war in Ukraine